Ludwig von Bertalanffy/General Systems Theory (GST) -- Checks off Many Boxes (Vienna/Austria ~ Howard T. Odum ~ Father/Son Laszlo ~ Social Physics)

Ludwig von Bertalanffy

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Karl Ludwig von Bertalanffy (19 September 1901 – 12 June 1972) was an Austrian biologist known as one of the founders of general systems theory (GST). This is an interdisciplinary practice that describes systems with interacting components, applicable to biology, cybernetics and other fields. Bertalanffy proposed that the classical laws of thermodynamics might be applied to closed systems, but not necessarily to “open systems” such as living things. His mathematical model of an organism’s growth over time, published in 1934,[1] is still in use today.

Bertalanffy grew up in Austria and subsequently worked in Vienna, London, Canada, and the United States.



Ludwig von Bertalanffy was born and grew up in the little village of Atzgersdorf (now Liesing) near Vienna. The Bertalanffy family had roots in the 16th century nobility of Hungary which included several scholars and court officials.[2] His grandfather Charles Joseph von Bertalanffy (1833–1912) had settled in Austria and was a state theatre director in Klagenfurt, Graz and Vienna, which were important sites in imperial Austria. Ludwig’s father Gustav von Bertalanffy (1861–1919) was a prominent railway administrator. On his mother’s side Ludwig’s grandfather Joseph Vogel was an imperial counsellor and a wealthy Vienna publisher. Ludwig’s mother Charlotte Vogel was seventeen when she married the thirty-four-year-old Gustav. They divorced when Ludwig was ten, and both remarried outside the Catholic Church in civil ceremonies.[3]

Ludwig von Bertalanffy grew up as an only child educated at home by private tutors until he was ten. When he arrived at his Gymnasium (a form of grammar school) he was already well habituated in learning by reading, and he continued to study on his own. His neighbour, the famous biologist Paul Kammerer, became a mentor and an example to the young Ludwig.[4]

In 1918, Bertalanffy started his studies at the university level in philosophy and art history, first at the University of Innsbruck and then at the University of Vienna. Ultimately, Bertalanffy had to make a choice between studying philosophy of science and biology; he chose the latter because, according to him, one could always become a philosopher later, but not a biologist. In 1926 he finished his PhD thesis (Fechner und das Problem der Integration höherer Ordnung, translated title: Fechner and the Problem of Higher-Order Integration) on the psychologist and philosopher Gustav Theodor Fechner.[4] For the next six years he concentrated on a project of “theoretical biology” which focused on the philosophy of biology. He received his habilitation in 1934 in “theoretical biology”.[5]

Bertalanffy was appointed Privatdozent at the University of Vienna in 1934. The post yielded little income, and Bertalanffy faced continuing financial difficulties. He applied for promotion to the status of associate professor, but funding from the Rockefeller Foundation enabled him to make a trip to Chicago in 1937 to work with Nicolas Rashevsky. He was also able to visit the Marine Biological Laboratory in Massachusetts.[5]

Bertalanffy was still in the US when he heard of the Anschluss in March 1938. However, his attempts to remain in the US failed, and he returned to Vienna in October of that year.[5] Within a month of his return, he joined the Nazi Party, which facilitated his promotion to professor at the University of Vienna in 1940.[5] During the Second World War, he linked his “organismic” philosophy of biology to the dominant Nazi ideology, principally that of the Führerprinzip.[5]

Following the defeat of Nazism, Bertalanffy found denazification problematic and left Vienna in 1948. He moved to the University of London (1948–49); the Université de Montréal (1949); the University of Ottawa (1950–54); the University of Southern California (1955–58); the Menninger Foundation (1958–60); the University of Alberta (1961–68); and the State University of New York at Buffalo (SUNY) (1969–72).

In 1972, he died from a heart attack.

Family life[edit]

Bertalanffy met his wife, Maria, in April 1924 in the Austrian Alps. They were hardly ever apart for the next forty-eight years.[6] She wanted to finish studying but never did, instead devoting her life to Bertalanffy’s career. Later, in Canada, she would work both for him and with him in his career, and after his death she compiled two of Bertalanffy’s last works. They had one child, a son who followed in his father’s footsteps by making his profession in the field of cancer research.


Today, Bertalanffy is considered to be a founder and one of the principal authors of the interdisciplinary school of thought known as general systems theory. According to Weckowicz (1989), he "occupies an important position in the intellectual history of the twentieth century. His contributions went beyond biology, and extended into cybernetics, education, history, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology and sociology. Some of his admirers even believe that this theory will one day provide a conceptual framework for all these disciplines".[2]

Individual growth model[edit]

The individual growth model published by Ludwig von Bertalanffy in 1934 is widely used in biological models and exists in a number of permutations.

In its simplest version the so-called Bertalanffy growth equation is expressed as a differential equation of length (L) over time (t):

L'(t)=r_{B}eft(L_{nfty }-L(t)ight)

when r_{B} is the Bertalanffy growth rate and L_{nfty } the ultimate length of the individual. This model was proposed earlier by August Friedrich Robert Pūtter (1879-1929), writing in 1920.[7]

The dynamic energy budget theory provides a mechanistic explanation of this model in the case of isomorphs that experience a constant food availability. The inverse of the Bertalanffy growth rate appears to depend linearly on the ultimate length, when different food levels are compared. The intercept relates to the maintenance costs, the slope to the rate at which reserve is mobilized for use by metabolism. The ultimate length equals the maximum length at high food availabilities.[1]

Passive electrical schematic of the Bertalanffy module together with equivalent expression in the Energy Systems Language

Bertalanffy equation[edit]

The Bertalanffy equation is the equation that describes the growth of a biological organism. The equation was offered by Ludwig von Bertalanffy in 1969.[8]

{isplaystyle {rac {dW}{dt}}=ta S-kV}

Here W is organism weight, t is the time, S is the area of organism surface, and V is a physical volume of the organism.

The coefficients ta and k are (by Bertalanffy’s definition) the “coefficient of anabolism” and “coefficient of catabolism” respectively.

The solution of the Bertalanffy equation is the function:

{isplaystyle W(t)={ig (}ta c_{1}-c_{2}e^{-{frac {k}{3}}t}{ig )}^{3},}

where c_{1} and c_{2} are the certain constants.

Bertalanffy couldn’t explain the meaning of the parameters ta (the coefficient of anabolism) and k (coefficient of catabolism) in his works, and that caused a fair criticism from biologists. But the Bertalanffy equation is a special case of the Tetearing equation,[9] that is a more general equation of the growth of a biological organism. The Tetearing equation determines the physical meaning of the coefficients ta and k.

Bertalanffy module[edit]

To honour Bertalanffy, ecological systems engineer and scientist Howard T. Odum named the storage symbol of his General Systems Language as the Bertalanffy module (see image right).[10]

General system theory[edit]

The biologist is widely recognized for his contributions to science as a systems theorist; specifically, for the development of a theory known as general system theory (GST). The theory attempted to provide alternatives to conventional models of organization. GST defined new foundations and developments as a generalized theory of systems with applications to numerous areas of study, emphasizing holism over reductionism, organism over mechanism.

Foundational to GST are the inter-relationships between elements which all together form the whole.

Open systems[edit]

Main article: Open system (systems theory)

Bertalanffy’s contribution to systems theory is best known for his theory of open systems. The system theorist argued that traditional closed system models based on classical science and the second law of thermodynamics were inadequate for explaining large classes of phenomena. Bertalanffy maintained that “the conventional formulation of physics are, in principle, inapplicable to the living organism being open system having steady state. We may well suspect that many characteristics of living systems which are paradoxical in view of the laws of physics are a consequence of this fact.”[11] However, while closed physical systems were questioned, questions equally remained over whether or not open physical systems could justifiably lead to a definitive science for the application of an open systems view to a general theory of systems.

In Bertalanffy’s model, the theorist defined general principles of open systems and the limitations of conventional models. He ascribed applications to biology, information theory and cybernetics. Concerning biology, examples from the open systems view suggested they “may suffice to indicate briefly the large fields of application” that could be the “outlines of a wider generalization;”[12] from which, a hypothesis for cybernetics. Although potential applications exist in other areas, the theorist developed only the implications for biology and cybernetics. Bertalanffy also noted unsolved problems, which included continued questions over thermodynamics, thus the unsubstantiated claim that there are physical laws to support generalizations (particularly for information theory), and the need for further research into the problems and potential with the applications of the open system view from physics.

Systems in the social sciences[edit]

In the social sciences, Bertalanffy did believe that general systems concepts were applicable, e.g. theories that had been introduced into the field of sociology from a modern systems approach that included “the concept of general system, of feedback, information, communication, etc.”[13] The theorist critiqued classical “atomistic” conceptions of social systems and ideation “such as ‘social physics’ as was often attempted in a reductionist spirit.”[14] Bertalanffy also recognized difficulties with the application of a new general theory to social science due to the complexity of the intersections between natural sciences and human social systems. However, the theory still encouraged new developments in many fields, from sociology to anthropology, economics, political science, and psychology among other areas.[citation needed] Today, Bertalanffy’s GST remains a bridge for interdisciplinary study of systems in the social sciences.


  • 1928, Kritische Theorie der Formbildung, Borntraeger. In English: Modern Theories of Development: An Introduction to Theoretical Biology, Oxford University Press, New York: Harper, 1933
  • 1928, Nikolaus von Kues, G. Müller, München 1928.
  • 1930, Lebenswissenschaft und Bildung, Stenger, Erfurt 1930
  • 1937, Das Gefüge des Lebens, Leipzig: Teubner.
  • 1940, Vom Molekül zur Organismenwelt, Potsdam: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Athenaion.
  • 1949, Das biologische Weltbild, Bern: Europäische Rundschau. In English: Problems of Life: An Evaluation of Modern Biological and Scientific Thought, New York: Harper, 1952.
  • 1953, Biophysik des Fliessgleichgewichts, Braunschweig: Vieweg. 2nd rev. ed. by W. Beier and R. Laue, East Berlin: Akademischer Verlag, 1977
  • 1953, “Die Evolution der Organismen”, in Schöpfungsglaube und Evolutionstheorie, Stuttgart: Alfred Kröner Verlag, pp 53–66
  • 1955, “An Essay on the Relativity of Categories.” Philosophy of Science, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 243–263.
  • 1959, Stammesgeschichte, Umwelt und Menschenbild, Schriften zur wissenschaftlichen Weltorientierung Vol 5. Berlin: Lüttke
  • 1962, Modern Theories of Development, New York: Harper
  • 1967, Robots, Men and Minds: Psychology in the Modern World, New York: George Braziller, 1969 hardcover: ISBN 0-8076-0428-3, paperback: ISBN 0-8076-0530-1
  • 1968, General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications, New York: George Braziller, revised edition 1976: ISBN 0-8076-0453-4
  • 1968, The Organismic Psychology and Systems Theory, Heinz Werner lectures, Worcester: Clark University Press.
  • 1975, Perspectives on General Systems Theory. Scientific-Philosophical Studies, E. Taschdjian (eds.), New York: George Braziller, ISBN 0-8076-0797-5
  • 1981, A Systems View of Man: Collected Essays, editor Paul A. LaViolette, Boulder: Westview Press, ISBN 0-86531-094-7

The first articles from Bertalanffy on general systems theory:

  • 1945, “Zu einer allgemeinen Systemlehre”, Blätter für deutsche Philosophie, 3/4. (Extract in: Biologia Generalis, 19 (1949), 139-164).
  • 1950, “An Outline of General System Theory”, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1, p. 114-129.
  • 1951, “General system theory – A new approach to unity of science” (Symposium), Human Biology, Dec. 1951, Vol. 23, p. 303-361.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jump up to: a b Bertalanffy, L. von, (1934). Untersuchungen über die Gesetzlichkeit des Wachstums. I. Allgemeine Grundlagen der Theorie; mathematische und physiologische Gesetzlichkeiten des Wachstums bei Wassertieren. Arch. Entwicklungsmech., 131:613-652.
  2. ^ Jump up to: a b T.E. Weckowicz (1989). Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972): A Pioneer of General Systems Theory. Working paper Feb 1989. p.2
  3. ^ Mark Davidson (1983). Uncommon Sense: The Life and Thought of Ludwig Von Bertalanffy. Los Angeles: J. P. Tarcher. p.49
  4. ^ Jump up to: a b Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science, page: His Life - Bertalanffy’s Origins and his First Education. Retrieved 2009-04-27 Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Drack, Manfred; Apfalter, Wilfried; Pouvreau, David (11 March 2017). “On the Making of a System Theory of Life: Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s Conceptual Connection”. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 82 (4): 349–373. doi:10.1086/522810. PMC 2874664. PMID 18217527.
  6. ^ Davidson, p. 51
  7. ^ August Friedrich Robert Pūtter (6 April 1879 - 11 March 1929) wrote a textbook on comparative physiology entitled Vergleichende Physiologie (Jena: G. Fischer, 1911) and many other notable works. For a translation of his “Studien ūber physiologische Ähnlichkeit. VI. Wachstumsähnlichkeiten” (“Studies on Physiological Similarity. VI. Analogies of Growth”) in Pflūgers Archiv fūr die gesamte Physiologie des Menschen und der Tiere, 180: 298-340, see We couldn't find that Web page (Error 404) - Government of Canada Web Usability theme / Nous ne pouvons trouver cette page Web (Erreur 404) - Thème de la facilité d’emploi Web du gouvernement du Canada
  8. ^ Bertalanffy, L. von, (1969). General System Theory. New York: George Braziller, pp. 136
  9. ^ Alexandr N. Tetearing (2012). Theory of populations. Moscow: SSO Foundation. p. 607. ISBN 978-1-365-56080-4.
  10. ^ Nicholas D. Rizzo William Gray (Editor), Nicholas D. Rizzo (Editor), (1973) Unity Through Diversity. A Festschrift for Ludwig von Bertalanffy. Gordon & Breach Science Pub
  11. ^ Bertalanffy, L. von, (1969). General System Theory. New York: George Braziller, pp. 39-40
  12. ^ Bertalanffy, L. von, (1969). General System Theory. New York: George Braziller, pp. 139-1540
  13. ^ Bertalanffy, L. von, (1969). General System Theory. New York: George Braziller, pp. 196
  14. ^ Bertalanffy, L. von, (1969). General System Theory. New York: George Braziller, pp. 194-197

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to Ludwig von Bertalanffy.

Ludwig von Bertalanffy
Born 19 September 1901

Atzgersdorf near Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died 12 June 1972 (aged 70)

Buffalo, New York, USA
Alma mater University of Vienna
Known for General systems theory
Von Bertalanffy function
Scientific career
Fields Biology and systems theory
Thesis Fechner und das Problem der Integration höherer Ordnung (Fechner and the Problem of Higher-Order Integration) (1926)
Influences Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Rudolf Carnap, Gustav Theodor Fechner, Nicolai Hartmann, Otto Neurath, Moritz Schlick
Influenced Russell L. Ackoff, Kenneth E. Boulding, Peter Checkland, C. West Churchman, Jay Wright Forrester, Ervin László, James Grier Miller, Anatol Rapoport


Systems science


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Alexander Laszlo (*1964) is a polycultural systems scientist, currently residing in Argentina.

Laszlo was the 57th President of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS), known for his work on systems theories and “education ecosystems”.[1] He, furthermore, is the President of the Board of Directors of the Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (BCSSS),[2]based in Vienna, Austria. He also functions as the director of research at the Laszlo Institute of New Paradigm Research (LINPR),[3] which is based in Trieste, Italy.

With his research and work Alexander Laszlo has delivered outstanding contributions in the fields of leadership, systemic innovation, and sustainability.



Alexander Laszlo was born in Fribourg, Switzerland in 1964, is the son of Ervin László and Carita Jägerhorn af Spurila whose family home is in Tuscany, Italy. Due to his extensive travels and activities in the USA, Latin America, East Asia, and Europe he is fluent in several languages, including French, Italian, and Spanish. He is the father of one child, Kahlia Paola.

Laszlo earned an International Baccalaureate Diploma from the United Nations International School in 1982, with a focus on Social and Cultural Anthropology. He then received a BA from Haverford College, with a major in International and Comparative Political Science and a minor in Human Physiology, in 1985. At the University of Pennsylvania, he received his MA in History and Sociology of Science, in 1987, and a PhD in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Policy, in 1992.

Laszlo is an instructor of Martial Arts and holds a 6th Degree Black Belt in Chung Do Kwan style of Tae Kwon Do and 2nd Degree Black Belt in Shotokan style of Karate. He, furthermore, is a skilled classical flutist and follows several hobbies, including alpine skiing, mountain biking, science-fiction and poetry.[4]


Laszlo was the founding director of the Doctoral Program in Leadership and Systemic Innovation at the Buenos Aires Institute of Technology (ITBA), in Argentina. He was also involved with the MCI Management Center in Innsbruck, Austria, where he functioned as visiting lecturer in International Business at The Entrepreneurial School. At the Giordano Bruno GlobalShiftUniversity, Laszlo was a member of the scientific advisory board as well as the Chief Learning Officer of Curriculum Innovation. Laszlo was faculty member at Sonoma State University, in Rohnert Park, USA, in Master’s in Organizational Development program, at the Green MBA of the Dominican University, in San Rafael, USA, in the Executive Certificate Program, and at the Brainbridge Graduate Institute (now Pinchot University), in Seattle, USA, where he also worked as an adjunct professor in Systems Science and Evolutionary Development. At the Presidio School of Management, in San Francisco, USA, he functioned as Core Faculty and Administrative Leadership Team Member. Laszlo worked as a professor at the Tuoro University, in Cypress, at the California Institute of Integral Studies, in San Francisco, where he taught in the field of Learning and Human Development, at the Saysbrook Graduate Institute & Research Center, also in San Francisco, in the field of Systems Science and Design, and at the Monterrey Institute of Technology (EGADE-ITESM), in Mexico, in Administration and Leadership. At the ITESM Laszlo also worked as the Director of the Doctoral Program in Management, as well as director of research at the Center for Knowledge Systems, and was named a Level I Member of the National Research Academy of Mexico (SNI). Laszlo, furthermore, has held visiting appointments with the London School of Economics and the European University Institute.

Laszlo was involved as a researcher, consultant, and scholar with several more international higher education institutions, as well as public and private institutions, including the Italian Electric Power Agency, the UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Technology for Europe in Italy, as well as Brookhaven National Laboratory, in New York, USA. He continues to teach and consult on evolutionary leadership, collaboration, and systems thinking at a variety of MBA and Doctoral programs internationally.[5]


Very early in his academic career Alexander Laszlo began to receive awards. Thus, he was awarded the Gertrude Albert Heller Award in 1984 for his research and preparation of a bio-ethics paper presented at the International Academy of Philosophy of Science, in Brussels, Belgium. He also is the recipient of the Sir Geoffrey Vickers Memorial Award, presented for outstanding student papers at the pre-doctoral level in the field of the systems sciences. The award is given by the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) and Laszlo received it in 1987.[6] He was also the winner of the Förderpreis Akademischer Klub Award of the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, for his work in social innovation and sustainable development, and finalist for the 2003 Beyond Gray Pinstripes Award of the World Resources Institute and the Aspen Institute for educational work in sustainable business.[7][8]

Selected publications[edit]

Alexander Laszlo is on the Editorial Boards of Cybernetics and Human Knowing; Systems Research & Behavioral Science; World Futures: The Journal of New Paradigm Research; Kybernetes: The International Journal of Cybernetics, Systems and Management Sciences; Systema · Connecting Matter, Life, Culture and Technology; Markets and Business Systems; Organisational Transformation & Social Change; and Managing Global Transitions: International Research Journal. An active member of several systems science societies, among them Chair of Curating Emergence for Thrivability SIG at International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS), Alexander Laszlo is author of over 100 journal, book, and encyclopedia publications, with Syntony Sense: Evolutionary Intuition for World Changers forthcoming.

  • “Technological racism and unnatural selection: Foreseeable systemic impacts of a genetic screening of the workforce” (with Ervin Laszlo). Forum for Correspondence and Contact, 15(1), March 1985. pp. 31–35.
  • “The ethical implications of the social impact of genetic screening for employment” (with Ervin Laszlo). In La responsabilité éthique dans le développement biomédical, Archives de l’Institut International des Sciences Théoriques, vol. 28. Luvain-la-Neuve: CIACO, 1987. pp. 331–341.
  • “Cognitive maps and the energy-culture interaction.” World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, 30(3), December 1990. pp. 8–13.
  • “The electric industry and its interaction with local cultural values in late 18th and early 19th century Italy” (with Ignazio Masulli). In the ENEL encyclopedia by G. Mori (Ed.), Storia dell’industria electrica in Italia, vol. 1: Dalle origini alla vigilia della Prima Guerra Mondiale (1882-1914). 5 vols. Rome and Bari: Laterza, 1992. pp. 645–696.
  • “The contribution of the systems sciences to the humanities” (with Ervin Laszlo). Systems Research and Behavioral Science 14.1 (1997): 5-19.
  • “Systems theories: Their origins, foundations, and development” (with Stanley. Krippner). In J.S. Jordan (Ed.), Systems theories and a priori aspects of perception. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1998. Ch. 3, pp. 47–74.
  • “Evolutionary systems design: A soft technology for hard challenges.” World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, 1999, Vol. 54. pp. 313–335.
  • “The epistemological foundations of evolutionary systems design.” Systems Research and Behavioral Science 18.4 (2001): 307-321.
  • “The systems sciences in service of humanity” (with Ervin Laszlo). Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), F. Parra-Luna (Ed.). EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK (2003).
  • “The evolutionary challenge for technology.” World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, 2003, Vol. 59, No. 8.
  • “Evolutionary Systems Design: A praxis for sustainable development.” Organisational Transformation & Social Change, 2003. Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 29–46.
  • “The nature of evolution.” World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, Vol. 65, No. 3, April 2009, pp. 204–221.
  • “A systems view of Ervin Laszlo, from one generation to the next: An edited and annotated autobiographical piece” (with a contribution by Christopher Laszlo and incorporation of original material from Ervin Laszlo). World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, 67:4-5, 2011, pp. 219–243.
  • “Growth, Development and Evolution – the parameters of change in a dynamic world” (with Stefan Blachfellner). Special double-issue of the Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change dedicated to “The Fundamental Concept of Growth: Limits in an Unlimited World?” A. Laszlo and S. Blachfellner (Guest Eds.). Vol. 9, No. 1, 2012, pp. 41–61.
  • “Virtual Learning in a Socially Digitized World” (with Regina Rowland, Gail Taylor and Todd Johnston). World Futures: The Journal of Global Education, Vol. 68, No. 8, November 2012, pp. 575–594.
  • “Thrivable Education” (with Jean Russell). In E. Laszlo and K. Dennis (Eds.), Dawn of the Akashic Age: New Consciousness, Quantum Resonance, and the Future of the World, Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions, 2013, pp. 168–176.
  • “Connecting the DOTS: The Design Of Thrivable Systems through the power of Collective Intelligence” ISSS Yearbook Special Issue of Systems Research & Behavioral Science, A. Laszlo (Guest Ed.). Vol. 31, No. 5, 2014.
  • “Living Systems, Seeing Systems, Being Systems: Learning to be the systems we wish to see in the world” Spanda Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, June 2015 issue on Systemic Change. pp. 165–173.
  • “Conversation Communities in Context: A Retrospective Perspective.” Special issue of Constructivist Foundations on Composing Conferences: Exploring Alternatives to the Traditional Conference Format, M. Hohl & B. Sweeting (Guest Eds.), Vol. 11, No. 1, 15 November 2015. pp. 45–56.
  • What Is Reality? The New Map of Cosmos and Consciousness (with E. Laszlo), New York, NY: SelectBooks, Inc., 2016.
  • “Educational Ecosystems for Societal Transformation” (with Pavel Luksha, Joshua Cubista, Mila Popovich, and Ivan Ninenko). Produced by Global Education Futures (GEF), ReàEngineering Futures, and the Global Venture Alliance (GVA). Moscow, Russia: GEF Press, 2017.
  • “Systemic Innovation, Education and the Social Impact of the Systems Sciences” (with Dino Karabeg and Pavel Luksha). ISSS Yearbook Special Issue of Systems Research & Behavioral Science, J. Kineman (Guest Ed.). Vol. 35, No. 5, 2017. Pp. 601–608.
  • “Living the New Paradigm: Syntony and Spark in Life, Being and Becoming.” In The Handbook of New Paradigm Research. A publication of the Laszlo Institute of New Paradigm Research. Cardiff, CA: Waterfront Press, 2018.
  • “Education for The Future: The Emerging Paradigm of Thrivable Education” In World Futures: The Journal of New Paradigm Research. ISSN 1556-1844; doi:10.1080/02604027.2018.1463760. May 2018.
  • “Attracting our Future into Being: The Syntony Quest” (with Anneloes Smitsman and Kurt Barnes). World Futures: The Journal of New Paradigm Research. ISSN 1556-1844; doi:10.1080/02604027.2018.1499850. September 2018.
  • “The Leadership of Co-Creative Innovation – Systems, Technology, Society”. Preface to the Special Issue of Systems Research & Behavioral Science on Co-Creating Responsible Futures in the Digital Age: Selected papers from the 5th Business Systems Laboratory International Symposium of 2018, A. Laszlo (Guest Ed.). Vol. 35, No. 4, August 2018.[9][10][11]

External links[edit]

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Important guy. Thanks for the info.

BTW Laszlo father and son were also big fans of Giordano Bruno.

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