Blockchain Forestation continued

…keeping this one alive…

–posted by Raul

07-27-2022, 04:06 PM

“The Open Forest Protocol aims to accelerate climate action by onboarding forestation projects of any kind around the world on the Near Blockchain protocol”


Open Forest:

(reply by jenlake)#2

07-28-2022, 12:02 AM

Raul, have you come across any Debt For Nature ‘swaps’ predating these blockchain valuations? I wrote about it briefly when my blog was new (2009) and never got back to the subject, but it seems like an intermediary step in the process. I noticed that Kenya has 10 times the land under blockchain ‘forestation’ as any other country, or 50,000 hectares v. 5,000 average, mostly South America.

How It Works:
[document excerpt]
“Debt for Nature was developed by Dr. Thomas Lovejoy in 1987 during his work with the World Wildlife Fund. Environmental groups would purchase shaky foreign debt in the secondary market at the market rate, which would be considerably discounted, and then convert this debt at its face value into the local currency to purchase biologically sensitive tracts of land in the debtor nation for purposes of environmental protection. Most of the world’s largest rainforests are located in poor states such as Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia and Madagascar. ‘The first swap that happened was in 1987 between the Bolivian government and Conservation International’.
There are three main parties involved with a Debt for Nature swap: an international conservation organization, a domestic conservation organization, and a developing country’s government….The three most active international organizations, which are all based in the U.S., are Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy and the World Wildlife Fund. The steps needed don’t vary much from state to state. The conservation organizations provide a proposal to the developing countries government, seeking an agreement. Once an agreement has been reached, they have the World Bank convert the state’s debt into the local currency. The currency is converted into bonds which go into an environmental trust……re-scheme/

(reply by Raul) #3

07-28-2022, 01:46 AM
Hi Jennifer, I actually looked into Lovejoy a couple of years ago and have a small file on him. I also left it on the back burner, since at the time my interest did not revolve around anything to do with blockchain or any of the topics I’m mostly giving my attention to these days. But it’s great that you reminded me, because as I recall, he was working with Senator Udall from New Mexico to get his 30-by-30 project going in the US. Udall is related to Mike Lee, Utah Senator, which makes sense given the region’s significance regarding these matters. In any case, the 30-by-30 thing, if you haven’t heard of it, is a project to appropriate 30% of all U.S. land and oceans for “conservation”. The resolution was sponsored by seven Senators at the time, which included Kamala Harris and current Sec. of Interior Haaland. Attaching a link to the bill and a couple of articles below. But it’s definitely related to what you wrote about in that post and Lovejoy is definitely a figure that needs our attention. He also has very high level links to the Chinese scientific establishment.


NRDC blog post:…rty-thirty

BTW, NRDC is the outfit linked to RFK, Jr.'s whole environmental schtick. Its original editor in chief ghost writes all his books and co-wrote the recent one about saving the planet… forget the title.

(reply by jenlake)#4

07-28-2022, 04:19 PM

30 by 30-- thanks Raul (btw, nrdc blog link is removed) but here’s a short bit on one of its philanhtropists.

“30 by 30” is an international cooperative program with a contractual goal of having 30% of all land and water on earth under permanent conservation management by 2030.
“The 30 by 30 plan is a goal of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, and 64 countries’ political leaders have pledged to support it.”…e%20moment.

Medical device billionaire Hansjorg Wyss ( currently resident in Wilson Wyoming) on his contribution:

[Article by]The Nature Conservancy (TNC) highlights its 30-by-30 plan; emphasis on successes in Kenya; Hansjorg Wyss donates one billion…interview/

[wiki]…”In 2010, Wyss gave The Nature Conservancy $35 million to purchase 310,000 acres in Montana as part of one of the largest private conservation purchases in the United States” Hansjörg Wyss - Wikipedia ; “ In 1977, Wyss founded and became president of Synthes USA,[5][7] the U.S. division of the Switzerland-based Synthes, a medical device manufacturer… He maintained his post as company chairman until Johnson & Johnson acquired Synthes in 2012…”
He also founded The Wyss Center in Geneva, Switzerland: “The Center was founded by Hansjörg Wyss, who previously created the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering in the United States [Cambridge MA, in 2009, next link down]. The founding director of the Wyss Center was neuroscientist Professor John P. Donoghue, who is best known for his work on human brain computer interfaces,[3] brain function and plasticity. The mission [4] of the Wyss Center is to advance understanding of the brain… The Center is based at Campus Biotech (in the former Merck Serono building) located in Geneva, Switzerland. The Director of the Wyss Center is [5] Mary Tolikas, who assumed responsibility on 1 June 2019. She was previously a member of the leadership team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University during its launching and growth. The Wyss Center works in the areas of neurobiology, neuroimaging and neurotechnology [6] to develop clinical solutions from neuroscience research.”…ngineering

[2013]The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University announced today that Hansjörg Wyss (M.B.A. ’65), the entrepreneur and philanthropist who enabled the institute’s creation in 2009 with a $125 million gift, has donated a second $125 million gift to the University to further advance the institute’s pioneering work… with two potential products currently entering human clinical trials: a cancer vaccine and a vibrating shoe insole that promises to restore balance in the elderly. At the same time, the institute’s faculty members have an unparalleled publication record, with an average of one breakthrough publication in Science or Nature every month… [M]embers of the institute consortium are Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston University, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts University Medical Center, Spaulding Rehabilitation Center, and Tufts University… The Wyss Institute organizes its research priorities around six synergistic technology platforms: Bioinspired Robotics, Programmable Nanomaterials, Biomimetic Microsystems, Adaptive Material Technologies, Anticipatory Medical and Cellular Devices, and Synthetic Biology. Examples of projects under way include: …the Lung-on-a-Chip… The RoboBee — a tiny robot… Human Organs-on-Chips… SLIPS — a novel surface coating that repels just about everything… [and] MAGE — a genome re-engineering instrument that fast-forwards the evolutionary process”…at-harvard

[wiki bio] “Wyss is involved with The Wilderness Society and Rails-to-Trails. He serves on the boards of the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, the Center for American Progress, and the Grand Canyon Trust.[7][17][21] Wyss has donated more than $6 million to the Center for American Progress.[25] In 2011, Wyss won the Robert Marshall Award from The Wilderness Society for his conservation work.”

The Wilderness Society– “Robert Marshall (January 2, 1901 – November 11, 1939) was an American forester, writer and wilderness activist who is best remembered as the person who spearheaded the 1935 founding of the Wilderness Society in the United States… A scientist with a PhD in plant physiology, Marshall became independently wealthy after the death of his father [Louis Marshall, lawyer and president of the American Jewish Committee] in 1929. He had started his outdoor career in 1925 as forester with the U.S. Forest Service. He used his financial independence for expeditions to Alaska and other wilderness areas. Later he held two significant public appointed posts: chief of forestry in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, from 1933 to 1937, and head of recreation management in the Forest Service, from 1937 to 1939, both during the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. During this period, he directed the promulgation of regulations to preserve large areas of roadless land that were under federal management… Several areas and landmarks, including The Bob Marshall Wilderness in Montana and Mount Marshall in the Adirondacks, have been named in his honor.”…_activist)

“[Louis]Marshall’s impact on the American Jewish scene was so great that no other Jewish leader of his time came close to matching his influence on both “Uptown” Jews—the established, wealthy Jews who had arrived in the United States in mid-nineteenth century—and “Downtown” Jews—the Jews who were arriving from Eastern Europe at the time Marshall was most active… Louis Marshall is most identified, however, with the American Jewish Committee (AJC). Its founding in 1906 marked a turning point in Marshall’s career and also created a new, non-religious, ethnically based option for the organized life and identity of American Jewry. From the beginning, Marshall took charge of all the Committee’s administrative affairs and became its spokesman. As early as 1907, Marshall began to lobby for open immigration in Washington, a fight he lost in 1924. Only in retrospect can we appreciate his contribution to the emigration of thousands of Jews to the United States before then. Assuming the presidency of the AJC in 1912, Marshall spent the next seventeen years organizing and supervising AJC meetings, formulating its ever-changing agenda, and mediating between those who would make the organization more democratic and those who wished to keep control in Uptown hands. In his role as AJC president, Marshall also attended the post-World War I Versailles Conference…”…-m-silver/

“In 2000, Wyss purchased the 900-acre (3.6 km2) Halter Ranch and Vineyard in western Paso Robles, California. The ranch includes an 1,800-acre wildlife reserve and a 281-acre vineyard producing 13 varietals of grapes using methods that are “Sustainability in Practice” certified. The ranch hosts tours and was named “Best Vineyard Experience” by Sunset Magazine in 2015… Swiss billionaire businessman, Hansjorg Wyss, now lives in Wilson, Wyoming. Mr. Wyss’ first experiences in the West drew him back to the United States to attend the Harvard Business School, from which he graduated in 1965.”…n-wyoming/

“Wilson is a census-designated place in Teton County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 1,482 at the 2010 census, up from 1,294 in 2000. It is part of the Jackson, WY–ID Micropolitan Statistical Area… Wilson was pioneered in 1889 by Elijah Nicholas Wilson, known for having lived with the Shoshone Indians as a boy in the 1850s…” Wilson, Wyoming - Wikipedia ;
Elijah Nicholas Wilson (April 8, 1842 - December 26, 1915) was known as “Yagaiki” when among the Shoshones, and in his later years as “Uncle Nick” when entertaining young children with his adventurous exploits. He was a Mormon American pioneer, childhood runaway, “adopted” brother of Shoshone Chief Washakie, Pony Express rider for the Central Overland California and Pikes Peak Express Company, stagecoach driver for Ben Holloday’s Overland Stage, blacksmith, prison guard, farmer, Mormon bishop, prison inmate (unlawful cohabitation), carpenter/cabinet maker, fiddler, trader, trapper, and “frontier doctor” (diphtheria and smallpox).” Elijah Nicholas Wilson - Wikipedia


The ‘Wyss’ was prominently represented at the Santa Fe Institute’s “Liquid Brain” workshop in December 2017 (Liquid Cognitive Systems thread, and here Axolotl Regeneration Thyroid + Xenobots) and the leading role of Wyoming in blockchain corporatization is noted in a legal discussion video (which thread?)

Here’s some general background and history including the current governor Mark Gordon and creation of Grand Teton National Park

Bloomberg news Jan. 9, 2019 --“Wyoming is looking to compete with Delaware as a corporate-friendly destination by creating a specialized court that offers lower fees and speedy dispute resolutions. The proposals are part of a broader push by Wyoming lawmakers to make the state that invented the limited liability company (LLC) into a fintech friendly “Delaware of the West.

“Separate bills planned for the Wyoming state legislative session that started this week would use blockchain technology for commercial filings and business registrations and create a special purpose state-chartered depository bank intended to serve the blockchain industry…

“Wyoming legislators last year passed a package of bills designed to make the state more appealing to digital asset businesses, after a lobbying effort led by Caitlin Long, co-founder of the Wyoming Blockchain Coalition and former managing director at Morgan Stanley…

“Long was one of the primary advocates for the Utility Token Act, enacted in 2018. The bill made Wyoming the first government to distinguish between securities and “digital consumer tokens.” An amendment to that bill slated for 2019 would create a new asset class for digital tokens… The legislature is also expected to consider at least six blockchain- or fintech-related bills during its 2019 session…

“ ‘We’ve had dozens of Wyoming startups lose bank accounts,’ Long said. ‘To the extent that the FDIC is going to crack down on unfavored, politically incorrect industries, Wyoming is giving these industries a home so that they can make sure they don’t lose their banking services,’ Long said…

“Another bill (H.B. 57) would create a “regulatory sandbox.” Sandboxes generally allow companies to test new financial products or services without first obtaining a license and without fear of enforcement, typically with regulatory oversight and for a defined period of time.

“If passed, that bill would set Wyoming up to follow in Arizona’s 2018 lead in becoming the first state-level “fintech” sandbox. Wyoming’s version would require a minimum $10,000 bond for consumer restitution in the case of harm, and mandate consumer disclosures.

“Blockchain initiatives could also get a boost from Wyoming’s new governor. In his Jan. 7 inauguration speech, Gov. Mark Gordon, touted two Wyoming-based blockchain startups BeefChain and Sheepchain, which track the supply chains for the ranching sector, one of Wyoming’s primary industries…”


Mark Gordon (born March 14, 1957) is an American politician serving as the 33rd governor of Wyoming since January 7, 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as state treasurer; he was appointed to that position by then-Governor Matt Mead on October 26, 2012, to fill the vacancy created by the death of Joseph Meyer… Gordon was born in New York City, the son of Catherine (née Andrews) and Crawford Gordon, both ranchers from Kaycee, Wyoming.[1] His paternal grandmother was philanthropist Louise Ayer Hatheway. His paternal great-grandfather was industrialist Frederick Ayer, founder of the American Woolen Company. Gordon is also a great-nephew by marriage of General George S. Patton and a first cousin once removed of Major General George Patton IV.[2][3] He was raised on his family’s ranch in Johnson County, Wyoming. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Middlebury College [Vermont] in 1979…” Mark Gordon - Wikipedia

Gordon’s 2cd wife “Jennie [Muir] grew up in Omaha, Nebraska until her family moved to Buffalo, Wyoming. Jennie’s father, Senior Master Sergeant Robert Muir, served in the Navy, Army and the Air Force. Jennie’s mother, Gertrude Muir, was from Austria and after surviving World War II in Vienna, she moved to the United States. She learned English and raised the family’s ten children… The First Lady received her Bachelor’s Degree in Health Sciences from the University of Wyoming. She worked for 15 years as a laboratory medical technologist at Sheridan Memorial Hospital. She later served as a field service representative for Abbott Laboratories where she traveled throughout the western United States repairing and servicing laboratory equipment at hospitals, clinics and private practices.

When Governor Matthew H. Mead appointed her husband to serve as Wyoming Treasurer in 2012, Jennie took over management of the [Gordon family] Merlin Ranch full time. The ranch has garnered national recognition for its environmental stewardship and conservation achievements, as well as efforts to promote the sale of Wyoming beef worldwide. Jennie previously served on the board of the Wyoming Stock Growers Land Trust and is a graduate of the Wyoming Leadership Education and Development (L.E.A.D.) class.” Meet Jennie

Gov. Gordon’s paternal socialite aunt, Jean Gordon, was said to be having a long-term affair with General George Patton, after whose ‘accidental’ death she committed suicide. Patton’s death has long been considered an assassination: The Mysterious Death of Gen. George S. Patton - American Thinker ; “Jean Gordon (February 4, 1915 – January 8, 1946) was an American socialite and a Red Cross worker during World War II. A niece by marriage of General George S. Patton, some writers claim she had an ongoing affair with Patton,[2] allegedly beginning years before the war[3] and continuing behind the front lines of wartime Europe…[and] the family considered Gordon and Patton to have been in a romantic relationship… Her father Donald Gordon, a well-known Boston lawyer, died of leukemia when Jean was 8 years old… Beatrice Patton clearly believed that Jean Gordon was intimately involved with her husband…” Jean Gordon (Red Cross) - Wikipedia

Gov. Gordon’s grandmother, who died before he was born: “Louise Ayer [(Mrs.)Gordon] Hatheway (1876-1955)[1] was a philanthropist, heiress and “genteel farmer” who founded Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary in Lincoln, Massachusetts… Her brother-in-law was General George S. Patton. In 1900 Louise Raynor Ayer married attorney Donald Gordon …Hatheway bequeathed her estate to the Massachusetts Audubon Society which became the Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary in 1956.” Louise Ayer Hatheway - Wikipedia

Her father: Frederick Ayer (December 8, 1822 – March 14, 1918) was an American businessman and the younger brother of patent medicine tycoon Dr. James Cook Ayer…Ayer was involved in the patent medicine business, but is better known for his work in the textile industry. After buying the Tremont and Suffolk mills in Lowell, Massachusetts, he bought up many textile operations in nearby Lawrence, combining them in 1899 into the American Woolen Company, of which he was the first president. He was involved in other businesses of the time as well, such as being the co-founder of the Arctic Coal Company.” (see Longyearbyen @stephers ) Frederick Ayer - Wikipedia

Longyearbyen (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈlɔ̀ŋjiːrˌbyːən];[1] “The Longyear Town”) is the world’s northernmost settlement (with population greater than 1,000) and largest inhabited area of Svalbard, Norway…Known as Longyear City until 1926, the town was established by and named after American John Munro Longyear, whose Arctic Coal Company started coal-mining there in 1906…” Longyearbyen - Wikipedia

“Lincoln [Massachusetts] is a town …including residents of Hanscom Air Force Base that live within town limits. The town, located in the MetroWest region of Boston’s suburbs, has a rich colonial history and large amounts of public conservation land.”

…and by a location coincidence…

Hanscom Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located predominantly within Bedford, Massachusetts, with portions extending into the adjoining towns of Lincoln, Concord and Lexington. The facility is adjacent to Hanscom Field which provides general aviation and charter service. Hanscom AFB is the part of the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, one of six centers under Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC). The Air Force Life Cycle Management Center is the single center responsible for total life cycle management of Air Force weapon systems and is headquartered at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. The host unit at Hanscom is the 66th Air Base Group (66 ABG) assigned to AFMC… Cold War : Since 1945 Hanscom has emerged as the Air Force’s center for the development and acquisition of electronic systems. The base has also played a significant role in the creation of a national high-technology area around Route 128.[1] World War II established the key military importance of radar. In 1945, when the MIT and Harvard wartime laboratories were dissolved, the Army Air Forces aimed to continue some of their programs in radar, radio and electronic research. It recruited scientists and engineers from the laboratories, and its new Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories (AFCRL) took over MIT’s test site at Hanscom Field…”

–it was called the Lincoln Laboratory and the radar defense was called SAGE:

“The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) Air Defense System is the beginning of MIT Lincoln Laboratory’s history of developing innovative technology…” MIT Lincoln Laboratory - Wikipedia

Hanscom Air Force Base - Wikipedia

Building the Yellowstone-Grand Teton corridor……

“The Snake River Land Company or the Snake River Cattle and Stock Company was a land purchasing company established in 1927 by philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. The company acted as a front so Rockefeller could buy land in the Jackson Hole valley in Wyoming without people knowing of his involvement or his intentions for the property, and have the land held until the National Park Service could administer it.

The company launched a campaign to purchase more than 35,000 acres (142 km²) for $1.4 million but faced 15 years of opposition by ranchers and a refusal by the Park Service to take the land. Allegations that the company conspired with the Park Service by using illegal land purchasing tactics led to United States Senate subcommittee meetings in 1933 during which the company and the service were exonerated. Hard times during the Great Depression alleviated opposition by ranchers to sell…” Snake River Land Company - Wikipedia

Grand Teton National Park is an American national park in northwestern Wyoming. At approximately 310,000 acres (1,300 km2), the park includes the major peaks of the 40-mile-long (64 km) Teton Range as well as most of the northern sections of the valley known as Jackson Hole. Grand Teton National Park is only 10 miles (16 km) south of Yellowstone National Park, to which it is connected by the National Park Service–managed John D. Rockefeller Jr. Memorial Parkway. Along with surrounding national forests, these three protected areas constitute the almost 18-million-acre (73,000-square-kilometer) Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, one of the world’s largest intact mid-latitude temperate ecosystems… The valley of Jackson Hole remained in private ownership until the 1930s, when conservationists led by John D. Rockefeller Jr. began purchasing land in Jackson Hole to be added to the existing national park. Against public opinion and with repeated Congressional efforts to repeal the measures, much of Jackson Hole was set aside for protection as Jackson Hole National Monument in 1943. The monument was abolished in 1950 and most of the monument land was added to Grand Teton National Park…

Grand Teton National Park is an almost pristine ecosystem and the same species of flora and fauna that have existed since prehistoric times can still be found there… Noted for world-renowned trout fishing, the park is one of the few places to catch Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout… The Teton and Yellowstone region Shoshone relocated to the Wind River Indian Reservation after it was established in 1868…

The first U.S. Government sponsored expedition to enter Jackson Hole was the 1859–60 Raynolds Expedition. Led by U.S. Army Captain William F. Raynolds and guided by mountain man Jim Bridger, it included naturalist F. V. Hayden, who later led other expeditions to the region.[18] The expedition had been charged with exploring the Yellowstone region, but encountered difficulties crossing mountain passes due to snow. Bridger ended up guiding the expedition south over Union Pass then following the Gros Ventre River drainage to the Snake River and leaving the region over Teton Pass.[19] Organized exploration of the region was halted during the American Civil War but resumed when F. V. Hayden led the well-funded Hayden Geological Survey of 1871. In 1872, Hayden oversaw explorations in Yellowstone, while a branch of his expedition known as the Snake River Division was led by James Stevenson and explored the Teton region. Along with Stevenson was photographer William Henry Jackson who took the first photographs of the Teton Range.[9] The Hayden Geological Survey named many of the mountains and lakes in the region…

To the north of Jackson Hole, Yellowstone National Park had been established in 1872, and by the close of the 19th century, conservationists wanted to expand the boundaries of that park to include at least the Teton Range.[27][28] By 1907, in an effort to regulate water flow for irrigation purposes, the United States Bureau of Reclamation had constructed a log crib dam at the Snake River outlet of Jackson Lake. This dam failed in 1910 and a new concrete Jackson Lake Dam replaced it by 1911. The dam was further enlarged in 1916, raising lake waters 39 ft (12 m) as part of the Minidoka Project, designed to provide irrigation for agriculture in the state of Idaho.[29][30] Further dam construction plans for other lakes in the Teton Range alarmed Yellowstone National Park superintendent Horace Albright, who sought to block such efforts.[31] Jackson Hole residents were opposed to an expansion of Yellowstone, but were more in favor of the establishment of a separate national park which would include the Teton Range and six lakes at the base of the mountains. After congressional approval, President Calvin Coolidge signed the executive order establishing the 96,000-acre (39,000 ha) Grand Teton National Park on February 26, 1929.[32]

The valley of Jackson Hole remained primarily in private ownership when John D. Rockefeller Jr. and his wife visited the region in the late 1920s.[28] Horace Albright and Rockefeller discussed ways to preserve Jackson Hole from commercial exploitation, and in consequence, Rockefeller started buying Jackson Hole properties through the Snake River Land Company for the purpose of later turning them over to the National Park Service…”

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